DSpace Repository

Vulnérabilité intrinsèque et risque de pollution des eaux souterraines par l'activité agricole de la plaine de Gadaïne - Ain Yaghout, W. Batna (Nord- est algérien).

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.author Dib, Imane
dc.contributor.author Dib, Hénia
dc.date.accessioned 2022-05-24T11:13:28Z
dc.date.available 2022-05-24T11:13:28Z
dc.date.issued 2020-01-28
dc.identifier.uri http://depot.umc.edu.dz/handle/123456789/7420
dc.description.abstract The present study treats the intrinsic vulnerability and the pollution’s risk of the mioplio- quaternary aquifer of Gadaïne - Ain Yaghout plain (North-East of Batna), threatened by many sources of contamination, either natural (leaching of triassic gypsum and chotts’ evaporites), or anthropogenic (spreading of chemical fertilizers and manure, municipal waste, wastewater discharges into: septic tanks, wadi El Madher and chotts ... etc.). These pollution sources are multiplied in the region without any measure of protection of the environment, and in particular water resources. Theses water resources are exposed to potential risks of continuous or episodic alteration, and are further threatened by insufficient recharge volumes (caused by low infiltration, high evaporation and over-exploitation of groundwater resources that caused an inversion of the underground flow). All the aforementioned factors give to the water a chloride and sulphate calcium and magnesium facies on the one hand. On the other hand, they deteriorated the quality of 64% of analyzed waters, which are not suitable for human consumption, according to the water quality index (WQI), however, the calculation of the quality index Water for Irrigation (IQEI) revealed that 89% of the waters are very suitable for agricultural use. As for the method used for risk of pollution assessment, it relies on the inventory of hazards taking into account several parameters, such as lithology, piezometry and recharge. In addition, the estimation of the intrinsic vulnerability established by the modified DRASTIC method made it possible to discriminate between extremely weak and very weak zones of vulnerability occupying respectively 91% and 9% of the total area of the plain. While, the GOD method showed areas of low and medium vulnerability respectively covering 61.7% and 38.3% of the mapped area. Overall, this vulnerability is increasing from the center of the plain to its borders. Based on vulnerability classes, the COST Action 620 approach shared the risk intensity into three classes: medium, strong and very strong, representing successively, 3%, 49% and 0.2% of the plain surface. The class of a high risk level is represented mainly by cultivated land and pasture areas, while farms belong to the very high risk class. Finally, these results form a support helping the protection of groundwater quality and effective management of contamination of the groundwater resources in the study area.
dc.language.iso fr
dc.publisher Université Frères Mentouri - Constantine 1
dc.subject Sciences Geologiques: Hydrogéologie
dc.subject Plaine Gadaïne - Ain Yaghout
dc.subject Batna
dc.subject chotts
dc.subject engrais chimiques
dc.subject fumier
dc.subject fosses septiques
dc.subject dangers
dc.subject vulnérabilité intrinsèque
dc.subject risque de pollution
dc.subject DRASTIC
dc.subject GOD
dc.subject COST action 620
dc.subject Gadaïne - Ain Yaghout plain
dc.subject chemical fertilizers
dc.subject manure
dc.subject septic tanks
dc.subject hazards
dc.subject intrinsic vulnerability
dc.subject pollution risk
dc.subject سهل غداين - عين ياقوت
dc.subject باتنة
dc.subject الشطوط
dc.subject الأسمدة الكيماوية
dc.subject الروث
dc.subject خزانات الصرف الصحي
dc.subject الأخطار
dc.subject الحساسية
dc.subject خطر التلوث
dc.title Vulnérabilité intrinsèque et risque de pollution des eaux souterraines par l'activité agricole de la plaine de Gadaïne - Ain Yaghout, W. Batna (Nord- est algérien).
dc.type Thesis

Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Search DSpace


My Account