|dc.description.abstract||Skikda and Béjaia, three Algerian cities which are located in the littoral zone known by its
brittleness opposite the various natural factors like anthropic.
The three cities summarize the question of the major risk in the Algerian coastal towns; they
present a well diversified range of natural risks like technological; one with the other, the
nature of risk, the level of its impact and the vulnerability of the city differs.
Skikda, which experienced an economic development followed by a very important
demographic rise in an accelerated time, is well marked by the industrial risk; indeed, this
capital often qualified city of petrochemistry became also a capital of the industrial major
risks. In addition to the natural risks, in particular the flood which marks the history of the
city, the risks related to the industry of hydrocarbons, become also a mark for the city. By
their diversity, these technological risks different enters the fire, the explosion and the
pollution which has a durable and chronic impact on the environment and the population of
This pollution, generated by the complexes of the industrial park, is multiple forms: used
water, solid waste and atmospheric emissions, this form of pollution constitutes the heart of
the concern and a source of concern for the state of the local and total environment.||fr_FR