Elimination de deux polluants organiques par photo-induction en phase homogène et hétérogène et par adsorption sur des supports inorganiques locaux.
Malouki Moulay, Abderrahmane
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This work aims to study and evaluate the efficiency of a photo- catalytic process photoFenton-type for the removal from aqueous medium of an azo dye (orange methyl) and a pesticide (linuron) belonging to phenylurea family. It was for objective to study (or to investigate) the photocatalytic activity of a local clay rich in iron oxide for the degradation of certain kind of organic compounds, in particular dyes and pesticides. The first part of this work has been devoted to the acquisition of some local clay and the obtaining of their characteristic properties by a few characterization methods such as: thermal analysis (ATD and ATG), scanning electron microscope, X-ray diffraction, UV-visible spectroscopy and X-ray fluorescence. The adsorption kinetics of two pollutants showed that the equilibrium is reached practically in 30 minutes. The adsorption rate was rapid at the first 15 minutes of the process and then becomes slow for the rest of stirring time to reach equilibrium after 30 minutes. The photo-degradation process of heterogeneous photo-Fenton type (clay/pollutant/oxalic acid/UV system) was studied by monitoring the change in the concentration of organic pollutants using the UV-Vis spectroscopic analysis technique as a function of irradiation time. The degradation was studied by investigating the effect of different operational parameters such as: the initial pH, the concentration of the catalyst and the concentration of organic materials. The results indicated that the photodegradation rate of two pollutants was clearly increased in the presence of clay compared with the direct photolysis. The introduction of oxalic acid considerably improved the photocatalytic process (about 90% removal). The optimal conditions for a better degradation were obtained for: [clay] = 1 g/L and acidic pH (between 3 and 4) in the presence of [oxalic acid] = 10-2 M. The exposition of the photocatalytic system to sunlight causes the disappearance the organic pollutant in a significant way. This fact is very promising and highlighting the possibility of using sunlight, a source of renewable and free energy as an alternative to UV radiations for the elimination of organic pollutants from the aquatic environment.
- Doctorat (Chimie)