المنحى الوظيفي في النحو العربي القديم الجرجاني و الزمخشري والسكاكي أنموذجا
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the case of el djordjani-el zamakhchari – el sakaki- is part of the linguistic studies which are dealt with in the context of functionel grammer theory of semon dirk, this is the most important linguistic theory with a functionel pragmatic orientation it set to devolop its procedural tools and could attrat many researchs in occidentatal as well as recent arabic linguistic lecture and engender many positive reactions . Rsearches think that the application of the principles of the functionel grammer theory on occidental languages and the investment of its procedural functional principles unlich greatly influenced the development of linguistic studies have succed in its descrition and highlighting its pragmatic characteristics. As all the other natural languages, the investment of the functional principle in the study of arabic will focus on its description , highlighting its charactertics and the interpretation of its communicative discourse phenomena. The investment of the functional principle in the interpretation of the scientific product of our ancient scientists will reveal aspects of their efforts which were « functional » in their approch , especially the grammarians , rhetoricians , fundamentalists.