Profil épidémio - génétique du cancer du sein de la femme jeune à l'Est Algérien
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Breast cancer constitutes one of the most health problems in Algeria. However, their causes are obscure and poorly understood. It is the most common female malignancy in term of incidence and frequency; young women were more likely affected by the disease than before. In order to dispel the epidemiological and genetic profile of early onset Algerian breast cancer, a cross sectional study was conducted among women diagnosed with the disease at 40 years of age and under, from the east. The epidemiological approach shows that a radical change in lifestyle among Algerian woman appears to be related to the increase of breast cancer incidence, characterized mainly by the decline in age at first pregnancy, breastfeeding regression and the presence of overweight and obesity. It also confirms the existence of worse tumor characteristics. The aim of the genetic study was to assess frequencies and types of germline BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations in 100 young patients from Algeria unselected for family history. Overall, disease was linked to BRCA1 gene in an estimated 47% of patients, to BRCA2 in 52.94%, and to both genes in 17.17%. Two deleterious founder mutations seem present. (c.5332+1G>A and c.7654dupA). High nuclear grade, large tumor size, locally advanced stage and the presence of pathogenic BRCA1/2 mutations are the main features of early onset Algerian breast cancer. The struggle against this treacherous enemy requires the implementation of other preventive strategies, thus salivary profiles of twelve patients and three healthy women, obtained by electrophoresis were evaluated to detect salivary biomarkers, which can be exploited as diagnostic or followed through. Quantitative and qualitative changes of one or more proteins have been identified.
- Doctorat (Biochimie)