إستخدام الفصاء الخارجي و انعكاساته
حسنة عبد الحميد
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The last century witnessed great Technological evolution was credited primarily to the development of uses of outer space that have achieved the interest of all mankind in all fields, and it is still considered as a new area needs a lot of research and study. This a new Human activity was needed to find legal rules organize it, so since the beginning the United Nations had establish a legal regime governing the exploration, use and Later the exploitation of outer space, and succeeded thanks to the Committee on the Peaceful Uses efforts and the respond of states to codify this area, so isn’t be a scene of conflict and competition between countries in period of divisions and Cold War. the United Nations efforts Crowned by realization of a number of important decisions were considered the cornerstone in the formation of a new legal branch called the international space law, and the most important agreement was the outer space treaty in 1967, and was followed by several agreements related to the Rescue of Astronauts and restore absolute bodybuilding in 1968, and the Convention on Liability for Damage in 1972 and the Convention of Registration of objects Launched in 1975, then the agreement which governs the activities of States on the moon in 1979. Although the importance of these agreements, but it did not resolve the legal problems posed by the use of space, especially in light of the development of those activities and increase the number of actors in this area, this is why the United Nations thinking of a new legal resolutions, so it was the resolution of principles of the television broadcast in1982, and the principles of earth sensation in 1986. The rapid development of this area made the mission of the UN difficult to find solutions to those legal problematic, but with the specialized international organizations and non-governmental organizations interested in outer space efforts it helped to release many collective and bilateral decisions that had a positive impact in solving modern problems such as pollution of outer space environment and the jamming and space debris. International cooperation is the only way to achieve greater efficiency for the use of this area and keep it as a common area of humanity and as a limited natural resource.
- Magistère droit publique