الأرشفة الإلكترونية بين التشريع و التطبيق
بن السبتي عبد المالك
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Computer formats and applications have multiplied, following the emergence of a vast number of new concepts and techniques in Information Management. There fore, the more countries invest in Knowledge acquisition, the more they would comply to globalization requirements, and their endless implications on Information production and use through electronic media and networks, and reach the point of sharing Knowledge between the Administration and the citizen. This is the starting point and the heart of the thesis of globalization and free access advocates. These two concepts concur, but sometimes may conflict. Thus, the principle of free access applies on countries which have a huge Information production, but developing countries still suffer from what is called, in the field of Knowledge and Information, “the digital gap”. This issue is a double-standards matter, the archivist, guarantor of Information continuity, protector of institutional archival heritage and collector of the society’s future memory, has then to acquire and develop adequate Knowledge to cope with this new unipolar globalization; in order to secure a complementary standardization and regulation of electronic production; and to work harmoniously with people in the field of administration and Information. And this, to have all guarantees for the preservation of archives which are our institutions’ memory and the basis on which states and nations rely. For all these considerations, and other objective and subjective ones, the implementation of a Management and Archiving Electronic System has become a vital strategic choice for developing countries, for them to face and hold back the cultural and informational aggression which is a kind of new invasion, under different aspects and forms, aiming at outshining other civilizations and leading the world in the name of globalization. Within this dangerous context, the archivist has a leading part, not only in standardizing E-records production, or controlling their course and retrieving them complete and authenticated, but also in preserving them as proofs and witnesses of our societies’ foundations and principles. For this, the archivist should be totally updated concerning the continuous findings in new IT. There fore, while looking after our Nation’s History, the archivist should also take care of its future patrimony. And this, by implementing organizational and scientific management standards on nowadays records production, for a future multi-usage of documents. He would, thus, have a new role in establishing the Egovemment, for a better governance and administration, relying for this on Knowledge Management which itself relies on investing in human competence.