النشر العلمي و سلوك الساتذة الباحثين في نشر أعمالهم العلمية
عبادة شهر زاد
صوفي عبد اللطيف
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From the right beginnig of history, man gave his attention to the communication of his thought to others. He communicated it through speaking, as it was done by Prophets and phylosophers of olden time . From that time, the discovery of writing as a thought transmitting system and its communication was a revolution in the present world. At the present time, the means of scientific communication have considerably improved, so that the researcher could communicate his results instantaneously to a very large audience if he wishes so. Unfortunately, the great powers who have seen that they could reap advantage from this type of communication, keep close watch on it. Different course of thought keep on tackling and summon on the laws that rule the scientists behaviour, they could develop more and more precise methods to observe the phenomenon of the scientific publication. These methods are registered in a discipline called “Scientometrics”, from which the citation analysis is one of the techniques. Our survey is placed on a contribution for the comprehension of the research teachers of Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics departments of Faculty of science of the University Mentouri, concerning the publication of their research results, in adopting in one hand, a questionnaire survey and by interview with a representative sample of a population of research teachers of the three departments, and in the other hand, a citation analysis of the published articles in the “ Science and technologie” magazine from the University of Constantine . The main results of the research have shown that: - Only 50% of the research teachers communicate with their local collegues, but this communication is done only in narrow scale. - On the other hand, the people who were asked, think that the communication is rather done with foreign researchers and the majority is the French. - The teacher- researchers in departments of physics, chemistry and mathematics are distrustful about referees. - The teacher- researchers consider that scientific publishing does not have a scientific value in the Algerian society . - The teacher- researchers in general do not cite their Algerian colleagues’works only in some limited modest cases. The negative results show the uneasiness that feeds the relation between the researchers themselves, between the researchers and the administration, between the researchers and society and between the researchers and the national development matters.
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