Aptitude technologique de trois formules à base de riz pour la fabrication de pain sans gluten.
Benkara Mostefa, Sabrina
Zidoune, Mohammed Nasreddine
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The objective of this research is to contribute to the manufacture of gluten-free bread, by testing the technological aptitude of a formulation containing rice and of dry legumes with a mass report/ratio of 2/1 respectively. Tree formulas were tested: rice-field bean (R1F), ricechickpea (R1PC), rice-pea (R1PP). The introduction of the effect of the stoving of rice duplicated the formulas while giving: stoving rice-field bean (R2F), stoving rice-chickpea (R2PC), stoving rice -pea (R2PP). The determination of the intervals of hydration and feasibility of the formulas implemented was carried out on the choice of the best criteria adapted to the technology of panification. Then three points of each interval were selected to test their value baker by the Chopin alveograph and by the test of panification. The results alveographic indicated that among the studied formulas, the R1F at the rate of hydration TH'1/4=80% presented it “G” and it “W” closest with the witness flour. “P/L” remains among the best recorded. Concerning the formulas containing stoving rice, the R2PC at the rate of hydration TH'1/4=143% showed it “G” and it “W” closest with the witness. “P/L” remains among the best recorded. However, the indices alveographic of the formulas (R1) and (R2) significantly remain lower than the witness. The indices alveographic of the formulas (R2) were further away from the witness than those of the formulas (R1). Consequently, the stoving of rice lowered the value baker of formulas tested. The change of the rates of hydration decreased the indices alveographic of the formulas (R1 and R2) with each time the rate of hydration increases. The sensory analysis of the results of panification showed that the breads (R1) were judged of quality lower than that of the pilot bread (color, texture and odor). The breads (R2) had volumes visually identical to the breads (R1). On the other hand, the crusts and the crumbs were of quality lower than that of the breads (R1). In conclusion, the stoving of rice decreased the sensory characteristics of the gluten-free breads. Bread R1PC had the volume specific of bread (Vsp) nearest to that to the pilot bread to TH'1/2=93.2% and the volume specific of crumb (Vsm) nearest to that to the pilot crumb with TH'3/4=106.1. Concerning the breads containing stoving rice, bread R2F with TH'3/4=160.6 had the volume specific of bread nearest to that to the pilot bread. On the other hand, it had to the same rate of hydration the specific volume of crumb low. Nevertheless, specific volumes of all the breads (R1 and R2) significantly remain lower than those of the pilot bread. The whole of the results which with reached the present study has proved the possibility of manufacturing gluten-free breads starting from the formulas tested but with a technological and organoleptic quality lower than that of the pilot bread. This work constitutes an approach of the possibility of substituting the tender wheat flour by gluten-free formulas in the technology of panification.