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    • EFFECT OF ANNEALING TEMPERATURES ON SOL–GEL TIO2 PLANAR OPTICAL WAVEGUIDES 

      BOUACHIBA, Y; HANINI, F; BOUABELLOU, A; KERMICHE, F; TAABOUCHE, A (Université des Frères Mentouri Constantine, 2013-12-16)
      TiO2 thin films have been prepared by Sol–gel method on glass substrates. The obtained films have been annealed in the range of temperatures 300-500 °C for 2 hours. Raman Spectroscopy, atomic force microscopy, UV-VIS ...